Education. University of Strassbourg, Strassbourg; French Seminary, Rome; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (doctorate in theology); Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome; Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (doctorate in canon law).
Priesthood. Ordained, October 14, 1934. Further studies, Rome, 1934-1938. Joined the Vatican Secretariat of State, 1938. Member of the papal delegation to the 34th International Eucharistic Congress, Budapest, Hungary, May 12, 1938. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, June 2, 1941. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 20, 1951. Special envoy to the celebration of the Silver Jubilee of coronation of Haile Selassie I, emperor of Ethiopia, 1954. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and protonotary apostolic supernumerary, December 10, 1958. Accompanied Pope Paul VI in his pilgrimage to the Holy Land, January 1964.
Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Neapoli di Palestina, January 5, 1964. Consecrated, February 11, 1964, Vatican City, by Cardinal Paolo Marella, archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and prefect of the S.C. for St. Peter's basilica. Appointed prefect of the Papal Household, April 9, 1969. Promoted to archbishop and and appointed prefect emeritus, December 18, 1986.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 28, 1988; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re, June 28, 1988. Lost the right to participate in conclave when turned 80 years of age, August 26, 1988.
Death. September 27, 1992, Vatican City. Buried, chapel of the Canons of St. Peter's basilica, Campo Verano Cemetery, Rome. Body transferred to "Reconciliazione" chapel, basilica of Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re, Rome, December 2, 1997.
Bibliography. Martin, Jacques. Oltre il portone di bronzo. (Appunti di un cardinale vissuto a fianco di 6 Papi). Milan: Edizioni Paoline, 1996.